Android 7.0 - 7.1.2 "Nougat" is the seventh major version of the Android mobile operating system. First released as a beta build on March 9, 2016, it was officially released on August 22, 2016 by Google.
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These are the new features in Android 7.0 Nougat.

More influence on the processor with the new rendering engine: "Vulkan."

Android N includes a new 3D rendering engine called Vulcan, which, according to Google, allows graphically much more impressive games than Open GL ES on Android.

The 3D engine is said to be more powerful overall, but at the same time, it uses considerably less CPU than its predecessor. Multi-core processors work more effectively because they can be used for parallel data processing, and developers directly influence the GPU.

However, to take advantage of Vulkan, the hardware must support the new engine.

But also, Open GL ES 3.2 gets additional framework interfaces, extensions, and more.

New emojis like facepalm and other skin colors.

With Android Nougat Developer Preview 2, Google also introduces a new emoji design with support for emoji Unicode 9.

Emoji Unicode 9 includes face emojis with different skin colors and new emojis like the "slap hand in front of face" emoji, better known as facepalm, or the selfie emoji.

The new emojis are supposed to look more realistic, more like people. Google especially encourages developers of messenger and keyboard apps to use the latest designs.

Display two apps on the screen simultaneously on Samsung Phone

The most important new feature of Android Nougat is multi-window support. For the first time, two apps can be opened simultaneously and run in split-screen mode - either side by side or below the other.

The user can determine how much space each app should take upon the display by positioning a divider accordingly. However, the split-screen mode only makes sense on devices with a large display, especially tablets.

On Android TVs, the two-window mode is also possible in the form of a picture-in-picture display - for example, to watch a movie in the main view while having the IMDb app open for additional information in a second, small window.

Whether an app can be listed in multi-window mode is determined by the developers in the program code. Google thus asks the app developers to adapt or extend their apps accordingly for multi-window support.

Notifications are simplified and accelerated.

A particularly useful feature of Android is the notifications. No matter if battery status, incoming mail, or app alarm - with the notifications, you get all important information at a glance and don't miss anything.

The Google developers have entirely revised the notifications for Android Nougat: They are supposed to inform the user faster and easier about the news.
Related notifications can now be grouped and displayed together, which increases clarity. You can also hide or archive the groups.

Another new feature is the possibility to answer several incoming text messages or SMS directly in the notification. Also, the Android developers have reworked the notifications' appearance and leave more control to the app developers. Google provides two new interfaces (APIs) for this purpose.

Revised Quick Settings for faster access

Wipe the notification bar further down to access the Quick Settings for WLAN, Bluetooth, Flight Mode, Screen Orientation, etc.

The number of tiles has been increased. You now wipe with your finger through several pages of tiles that call up essential and frequently used functions.
The user can also use drag & drop to specify which entries should appear wherein the Quick Settings. Developers receive new APIs for this, with which they can offer new Quick Settings tiles.

App links thanks to Launcher Shortcuts

With the newly developed Launcher Shortcuts, developers can create special shortcuts for their apps. These can be stored on the start screen: After tapping, the app starts directly in a specific function.

They can define a shortcut so finely that when the icon is touched, a mail to a specific recipient gets opened immediately, or the Netflix app gets started with the next "Game of Thrones" sequence.
A launcher should be able to display three to five shortcuts per app.

Power saving mode Doze gets a useful update.

Doze was already introduced with Android 6.
The Android system shuts down the apps' CPU and network activities as soon as the smartphone is still in sleep mode if you have put your smartphone into this energy-saving mode.

Android N goes one step further and applies energy-saving measures even if the screen is off for a certain time, but you are moving around with the phone in your pocket (and the device is not plugged in). The Android Nougat cuts the network connection and prohibits any data exchange and synchronization. The apps are allowed to do their work only within short "Maintenance Windows."

Data Saver ensures that apps use fewer data.

With Android Nougat, Google introduces a new feature called Data Saver. It offers users the possibility to control precisely and limit the data consumption of individual apps if implemented by the developer of the app.

You activate Data Saver in the settings. Suppose your mobile device connects to the Internet, now. The system prevents background data from being loaded. It commands apps to consume as little data volume as possible - for example, by reducing the streaming quality or restricting precaching when loading websites - even if they are running in the foreground.

A whitelist also allows users to define apps that do not have to comply with the restrictions. According to Google, each app should check itself whether Data Saver is activated and then behave accordingly.

Optimized background activities should minimize memory requirements.

Under the name Project Svelte, Google is developing various solutions to minimize the memory requirements of Android devices' memory requirements.

With Android Nougat, Project Svelte focuses primarily on the background activities of the individual apps. These are important for most apps because - if implemented correctly - they ensure a fast execution and fast data processing. However, background activities can also eat up memory and battery capacity unnecessarily and, in the worst case, slow down other apps.

Various control programs have regulated background activity until now. These programs have been partially merged to make the control processes more flexible and use memory more effectively In Android Nougat. Devices with little memory are now also better supported.

Android 7.0 becomes more secure and protects against ransomware.

If a user has caught a "Ransomware," this encodes his data on the PC and releases it only after payment of a ransom - pretty ugly story!

Because smartphones are more widespread than computers and contain at least as many essential data, they are increasingly becoming malware targets.

Up to now, a "resetPassword" API in Android could be used by attackers to change the password, PIN, or unlock pattern, so that the actual owner no longer has access to his phone.

According to the security company Symantec, the vulnerabilities that allow this to happen should be closed with Android 7.0.

This API can only set a password but not to reset or change it under Android Nougat. So the new Android version is safe from password resetting, but not from attackers setting a password at all!
In your interest, you should lock your smartphone with a password, a PIN, or an unlock pattern to protect yourself from this method as well.

Android Nougat 7.0 August 22, 2016

Android Nougat 7.0 August 22, 2016

  • Split-screen mode
  • Revised notifications
  • Revised settings menu
  • Slightly revised multitasking mode
  • Optimization of the energy-saving mode "Doze"
  • Use of OpenJDK instead of Java
  • Quick answer via "Heads-up-Notifications"
  • Data Compression
  • Revision of the so-called "Project Svelte" to make Android run better on devices with weak hardware
  • Emoji from Unicode 9
  • VR mode and support for the Google VR SDK
  • Support of the Vulkan API
  • Last security patch release: August 2019
  • Restricted file system access for user-installed applications
Android Nougat 7.1 October 4, 2016

Android Nougat 7.1 October 4, 2016

  • Night mode ("Night Light")
  • background- updates: Download and install system updates
  • Daydream-VR-Mode (only for Google Pixel)
  • Fade in of the notification bar by swiping gesture via the fingerprint sensor
  • Some developer options
Android Nougat 7.1.1 December 5, 2016

Android Nougat 7.1.1 December 5, 2016

  • Launcher Shortcuts
  • Image keyboard for the use of GIFs and stickers
  • New Emojis
  • Last security patch release: October 2019
Android Nougat 7.1.2 April 4, 2017

Android Nougat 7.1.2 April 4, 2017

  • Information about battery draining apps
  • Fingerprint Gestures
  • Bluetooth Improvements
  • New Task-Switcher and Pixel-Launcher for the Pixel C
  • Last security patch release: October 2019
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